Storage & PHL


On 1st July 2012, FCI was in possession of 30.71 million metric (MMT) of rice, 49.81 MMT of wheat and 0.53 MMT of coarse grains; totaling 80.56 MMT of food grains.

  Food Corporation of India, setup in 1964, is a nodal agency entrusted with the task of

  • Maintaining satisfactory level of operational and buffer stocks of food grains to ensure National Food Security.
  • Distribution of food grains throughout the country for public distribution system (FCI).

  In 2013, Comptroller and Auditor General of India issued a performance audit report in which following observations were made

  • The stock of food grains in the central pool touched a record 82.4 million metric tons (MMT), while rental storage space increased from a 10 MMT to 18 MMT; resulting in a three-fold increase in hiring charges from INR 322 crore in 2006-07 to INR 1,119 crore in 2011-12.

  • Lack of available storage capacity with FCI, delayed lifting of wheat stocks procured by state government agencies (SGA) for central pool; leading to a 9 fold increase in payments for carry over charges to SGAs from INR 175 crores (USD 28 million) in 2006-07 to INR 1,635 crores (USD 261.6 million) by 2011-12 (CAG, 2013).


  • EXIM statistics for wheat, from years 2003 – 2014 show exports totaling 19.7 MMT and imports of 8.3 MMT from countries, including Pakistan and Nepal (DGCIS).

In 2013, a total of 11,744 farmers committed suicides of which 10,462 were males and 1,282 were females (NCRB, 2015).


Post harvest losses at FCI from 1997 – 2013 totaled 635,595 metric tons of wheat and paddy/ rice.

  • A Right to Information (RTI) application was filed in March 2013 with Food Corporation of India (FCI) and Central Warehousing Corporation (CWC), to determine the extent of food losses; waste and spoilage of food grains (wheat, rice and coarse grains) in terms of quantity and by year, since 1997.

  • While, authorities at the CWC expressed their inability to provide details of post harvest losses at their storage facilities, FCI informed that post harvest losses to the tune of 502,389 metric tons of rice and 133,206 metric tons of wheat, were incurred at their storage facilities from 1997 – 2013.

  • India incurs post harvest fruits and vegetable losses worth over INR 2 lakh crore (USD 32 billion) each year, owing to the absence of food processing units, modern cold storage facilities and a callous attitude towards tackling the grave issue of post harvest losses (Assocham, 2013)

Works Cited  

  • Assocham. (2013, November 20). ‘Modern cold storages needed to minimise losses in horticulture’. Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
  • CAG. (2013, May 07). Storage and Movement of Food Grains in Food Corporation of India. Retrieved June 15, 2013, from Comptroller and Auditor General of India:
  • FCI. (n.d.). Objectives. Retrieved June 20, 2013, from Food Corporation of India:
  • NCRB. (2015). Accidental Deaths & Suicides in India 2013. Retrieved May 20, 2015, from National Crime Records Bureau, Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt. of India:
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